Khamovniki district in Moscow
Khamovniki is a unique and truly Moscow region where important historical events took place, the fates of famous people were played out and great discoveries were made. It is not for nothing that the State Archive of the Russian Federation is located here.
At the same time, this is an area of contrasts. It seems that it is trying to succeed at once in everything - too often the word "most" can be applied to Khamovniki - and it does it well. It is here that the most important temple of our country is located and for a long time there was one of the oldest breweries in Moscow. The most recognizable stadium is located here and thousands of future doctors and teachers are trained here. It used to be a real industrial area and great creations of art were born here.
For all this, Khamovniki can safely be called the sleeping area of the Moscow center. Pensioners and mothers with children walk here, and locals, making a run in the morning with their pets, are sure to greet each other.
We found out from experts and residents all the advantages and disadvantages of living and buying real estate here.
History of the district
The Khamovniki district, unlike its neighbors in the Central District, began to develop quite late - only in the 16th century. Gradually, settlements appear on this territory, one of which - Khamovnaya - just gave the name to the district.
Already in those days, not everyone was allowed to live on the territory of Khamovna Sloboda - permission could be obtained only from the sovereign himself. Since the local population fully served the royal court, weaving was encouraged in every way by the state, and the settlement flourished. In the same period, the Novodevichy Monastery was erected next to Khamovna Sloboda, which plays the role of not only a spiritual center, but also a fortification. It is thanks to it that the road leading to the Kremlin appears - now called Prechistenka Street.
In the times of Peter the Great era, significant resources of weavers go to the manufacture of sails, so in 1709 Peter the Great opened the first canvas factory. Ten years later, having passed into private ownership, the factory becomes the largest in Moscow. It remains so until the end of the 18th century, when the military loved this area for the remoteness and few residential buildings - barracks are formed on the site of the factory, which still exist today.
In 1755 in the territory of Khamovniki the medical faculty of the Moscow university — nowadays the First medical university of I.M. Sechenov was founded. A century later nearby the Moscow high female courses — the first highest educational institution for women in the country open.
At a turn of the 18-19th centuries Khamovniki attracts attention notable noble families. From this point the area gradually regenerates from the industrial and military in cultural and educational. Khamovniki remembers many famous artists. During different eras there lived Afanasy Fet and Mikhail Bulgakov, Fyodor Shalyapin and Anna Akhmatova. In the estate Leo Tolstoy conducted heated arguments with Ilyyoy Repin. Pyotr Tchaikovsky quite often visited Tolstoy here as well. Isadora Duncan lived and taught in Khamovniki, to whom Sergey Yesenin moved after their wedding. In was in Khamovniki where the poet last time admired a sunset from the apartment of his third wife — Sofya Tolstoy.
At the beginning of the 19th century, Khamovniki was part of the capital, but active residential development here begins only by the end of the century. Until the middle of the 20th century, the area remains a quiet outskirt of Moscow.
Nowadays, Khamovniki is a modern district that combines the privileges of the center and the convenience of a dormitory district. Traditionally, it is considered the most comfortable area of the Central Administrative District.
Происхождение названия района
В старину льняное полотно называли словом «хам», а ткачей — «хамовники». Поэтому местность за Земляным городом, где они жили, получила название Хамовная слобода, которое позже и дало имя району, сохранившееся до наших дней.
Origin of the district name
In ancient times, linen was called the word "ham," and weavers - "Khamovniki." Therefore, the area beyond the "Earth City" where they lived was called Khamovnaya Sloboda, which later gave the name to the district, which has survived to this day.
Khamovniki district in numbers
- 11.9 sq.km - area of Khamovniki district;
- The 10th place in the Central Administrative District by area;
- 109.5 thousand people live in the Khamovniki district.
- Belongs to Central Administrative District.
- Rich cultural and historical heritage.
- Developed social infrastructure.
- Developed transport infrastructure.
- High investment potential.
- High cost of real estate.
- No parking.
- Tight road traffic.
- Heterogeneity of development.
Due to its location, developed social infrastructure and the presence of excellent educational institutions, the district is considered one of the most popular for families with children. Of course, not everyone can afford an apartment here, but such an acquisition will definitely emphasize the status of the buyer.
Real Brand: Primary Real Estate Market
Roman Amelin, sales director at Point Estate, a premium real estate agency, says:
— Despite the high cost and predominance of premium class projects, the demand for real estate in Khamovniki remains high - up to 35% of transactions with new elite housing in Moscow are accounted for by this district. Recently, quite a lot of interesting projects have appeared here, so there is even a slight shift in demand towards primary housing.
Ruslan Zakiryanov, head of secondary real estate and long-term rental of Avito Real Estate, adds:
— At the same time, demand for new buildings in Khamovniki decreased in January this year by 39% compared to last year's figures.
Pre-revolutionary buildings and "Stalin-era buildings": secondary housing market
The current architectural appearance of the district began to form in pre-revolutionary times, so the secondary segment of real estate is represented by residential buildings of the beginning of the 20th century, "Stalin-era buildings" and brick houses. The secondary market accounts for more than 85% of the objects available for free sale,
Ruslan Zakiryanov complements:
— Demand for secondary facilities decreased in January this year by 40% compared to last year's figures.
Serious purchase: how much real estate costs
— In the area there are many offers for any taste and wallet. Among the most affordable options, you can single out a studio apartment with an area of 10 sq.m. for 4 million rubles, and among the most expensive - a 9-room apartment for 2.2 billion rubles. In general, the cost of new buildings in Khamovniki has practically not changed compared to last year and amounts to about 680 thousand rubles per sq.m. The average price of secondary real estate increased by 36% and amounts to approximately 742 thousand rubles per "square" , — says Ruslan Zakiryanov.
Alexander Kozlov gives the average cost of apartments in both segments:
Cost of apartments in the primary market:
|One-room apartment||from 33 million rubles|
|Two-room apartment||from 46 million rubles|
|Three-room apartment||from 56 million rubles.|
Cost of apartments in the secondary market:
|One-room apartment||from 9.7 million rubles|
|Two-room apartment||from 14.5 million rubles|
|Three-room apartment||from 18 million rubles.|
Status and convenience: buyer's portrait
— Khamovniki is traditionally included in the top 5 metropolitan locations. This is a prestigious and prosperous area with appropriate real estate prices; therefore, high-income people buy apartments here. The district is in demand among families with children and representatives of the business community, who are important for the prestigious location and history of the building — explains Alexander Kozlov.
Along the entire district, there is only one radial metro line - Sokolnicheskaya - but on its territory there are five stations at once. At the Park of Culture, you can transfer to the ring line station of the same name, and at the Sportivnaya Station you can transfer to the station Luzhniki related to the MCR. Due to the fact that the stations are located at approximately the same distance, the longest walk to the metro from any point of the district takes no more than 25 minutes. The presence of two ring lines allows you to quickly and conveniently get to other areas.
More than a dozen land transport routes pass through Khamovnikov's territory, including one of the oldest ring routes B and a bus - and previously a trolleybus - No. 15, which runs along the most picturesque route and can deliver passengers directly to VDNKh. With the help of other ways of transport, residents can quickly get to the areas not only of Central, but also of other districts of the capital. More and more dedicated lanes for public transport appear on busy streets.
The main highways of the district are Volkhonka Street, which flows to the right into Prechistenka, and to the left into Ostozhenka. It should be noted that for the central street Ostozhenka is rarely loaded, and in the evening and night it seems to die out altogether. In turn, Prechistenka and Ostozhenka go to Bolshaya Pirogovskaya Street and Komsomolsky Prospekt, respectively. The latter is an important transport artery not only for the region, but also for the whole city, since this road leads to Vnukovo Airport and New Moscow. Not the last role for the district is played by embankments stretching almost along the entire perimeter - Prechistenskaya, Frunzenskaya, Luzhnetskaya, Novodevichya, Savvinskaya and Rostovskaya. From Bolshaya Pirogovskaya to the side goes Elansky Street, passing into Plyushchikha - one of the quietest streets of the district. Across Khamovniki, there are Khamovnichesky Val and the Garden Ring. The Boulevard Ring originates here.
In the warm season, about 40 points of the city bike rental operate in the area, and a walk from & to the Kremlin will take no more than an hour and a half, so you can move without the use of personal or public transport.
Industry and ecology
Khamovniki originated as an industrial district. As already mentioned, the first factory appeared here under Peter the Great at the very beginning of the 18th century. Already in the next century, the Khamovnichesky brewery and the Krasnaya Rosa silk factory appeared. The latter, thanks to responsible redevelopers, was partially preserved and restored, turning it into a fashionable business quarter. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the production of the Rubber plant has been located in Khamovniki. Today, all production that once existed in the district has been liquidated or transferred to more remote Moscow districts.
The ecology of the district is influenced only by the gas pollution which is common to the entire center, however, Khamovniki, along with Yakimanka or due to its proximity, is one of the best areas of the Central Administrative District from the point of view of ecology.
Khamovniki can safely be called the educational Mecca of the capital. There are 7 educational centers, which include: 22 kindergartens, 3 buildings for primary education and 7 buildings for general secondary education. In another 12 branches, school students study immediately from grade 1 to 11. In schools, you can find classes of a humanitarian, socio-economic and natural science profile. But most schools still make a bias to learn languages. Several schools have opened medical classes at the I.M. Sechenov University, whose students are undergoing medical training at university clinics. Almost all schools in the district are included in the top 100 metropolitan educational institutions, and College No. 1535 periodically heads this rating.
The Pre-University of Moscow State University named after M. Toreza, which children from grade 8 can attend. There is also emphasis on languages, and the program partially includes university material. After grade 9, you can enter the Moscow Technological College of Nutrition "REU named after G.V. Plekhanov" or at a medical school.
Khamovniki has one of the best universities in our country. The first Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov began its activity in the middle of the XVIII century as the faculty of the current Moscow State University. Today it is the largest medical university in Russia, which prepares unique personnel and, which is engaged in scientific activities. At the university, at the end of the 19th century, a clinical campus was created, where at one time the most eminent medical luminaries worked and taught.
Moscow State Pedagogical University has been transformed from the already mentioned higher women's courses and is currently the leading university that trains teachers in all possible subjects. The institution has more than 170 undergraduate programs and almost the same number of master's programs.
On Ostozhenka, a mansion of the second half of the 18th century hides in the shadow of trees, in which the life of Moscow State Linguistic University, the leading university in our country in the field of linguistics, where 36 foreign languages are taught, boils.
Much attention is paid to languages at the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. This is the oldest and very prestigious academy where specialists in the field of international relations are trained. Representatives of more than 30 countries of the world study in it.
In the Art Deco monumental building is the Combined Arms Academy of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, which trains officers and military engineers.
In Khamovniki there is the Moscow State Academy of Choreography - a theater university that has been conducting activities since 1773.
There are also very young universities in the region: Russian International Olympic University, Russian New University and Moscow Economic and Financial Institute.
Additional education is represented by several children's music schools opened in the first half of the 20th century, language courses and various educational centers.
There are no problems with medicine in the area either. The clinical campus today includes 4 adult hospitals, 1 children's hospital and a dental clinic. In the district there are 2 branches of an adult clinic and 2 branches of a children's clinic. By the way, the building of one children's branch is the first public building in the constructivist style.
There are also commercial clinics in Khamovniki, but local residents do not experience an urgent need for them.
Shops and shopping centers
It seems that in the territory behind the Garden Ring, representatives of all possible metropolitan "chains" are gathered. Inside the Garden situation is slightly worse - there are chain stores, but already of a higher segment.
Almost in the very center of the district is the Usachev market. Already in the middle of the XIX century, retail shops were spontaneously scattered at this place. Today it is a modernized space where you can find fresh vegetables, fruits, meat and dairy products at affordable prices, and pay for purchases with a credit card.
There are no large shopping centers in the area, shops with clothes or household items are also almost absent.
Leisure and entertainment
In Khamovniki, everyone will find something for himself. First of all, one cannot fail to note the huge number of various museums - these are the writers' museums, and the sculptors' museums, and the Museum of the History of Medicine, and the Chess Museum, and many other small museums. In the Museum of Moscow, you can not only get acquainted with the legacy of the departed eras, but also visit the lecture hall and visit one of the thematic events. It also heads the museum system of the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts - a place of pilgrimage for students of art universities. The permanent exhibition of the museum has more than 700 thousand exhibits. The main building constantly hosts significant temporary exhibitions.
In Khamovniki there are Novodevichy and Zachatyevsky monasteries, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker and the unusual Old Believer church with black domes - the Church of the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Ostozhenka.
It is impossible not to mention the theaters of the district: the Moscow Drama Theater and the unique Theater of Music and Poetry. And, of course, Moscow Youth Palace is the place where the members of the Club of the Funny and Inventive joked for years, and today modern musicals are held.
You can start with the White and Red Chambers on Prechistenka. Built back in the XVII century, they survived a difficult fate - there were restaurants and residential premises, and towards the end of the XX century they wanted to demolish them altogether. They managed to defend their architectural value and now there is a museum in the White Chambers. Not far from the Chambers on the embankment is the Pertsova House. The "fairy tale house," as Muscovites call it, was built at the beginning of the 20th century in the neo-Russian style and is one of the most beautiful buildings in Moscow. The other way from the Chambers is the Profitable House of G.E. Broido or "House with Writers" - its facade is decorated with bas-reliefs depicting great Russian writers in ancient clothes. Not far from Plyushchikha is the apartment building of Nikolai Titov. Despite rather young age, it is made in the architectural style characteristic of the XVI-XVII centuries, for which it is nicknamed the "Gingerbread House." A little further - Palibin's house, in which restoration workshops are located today, which helped him survive. The fully wooden house is an architectural monument built in the 1920s in the Empire style. Very valuable exhibits are the stove with samples and hand-painted wallpaper found here.
Acquaintance with the district can continue on the Usachev market, which today has a modern format and a new concept. It presents corners with food from different countries of the world, as well as festivals and entertainment events. Local people say that on Usachevsky you can taste the most delicious oysters in the capital.
The bridges of the area deserve special attention. The Crimean bridge - the only hanging bridge over the Moscow River - is one of the most beautiful in the capital. The Luzhnetsky metro bridge is the only one in Moscow on which the metro station is located, from which there is a stunning view of the river and its environs. Inside it, by the way, there are constantly small exhibitions.
For lovers of panoramic views, not so long ago, the Rope Road was launched in Moscow, which connects the observation deck on the Sparrow Hills and sports complex. The cable car works year-round, and the view of Moscow is just amazing! The boldest can overcome the same path by flying over the Moscow River on the zipline. Unfortunatly, the attraction is available only in the warm season.
In Luzhniki, lovers of active sport in winter can find an ice rink, as well as created Panda Park and an aquapark, where in the summer there is an open recreation area with a swimming pool.
Connoisseurs of Russian traditions can go to the Usachev baths, opened since 1934, which were visited by Yuri Gagarin and Yuri Nikulin.
Many gastronomic establishments of completely different levels have been opened in the area as well - from student bars to restaurants of high cuisine with panoramic views. At some points, pleasant customs arise, for example, collecting neighbors for a run, and then drinking coffee in one of the local coffee shops. Khamovniki keep up with the times, but local residents here honor and preserve traditions.
The area around the Luzhniki Stadium is not formally considered a park, but about 160 hectares of land were ennobled here for the World Cup and a large number of shrubs, trees and flowers were planted. The park has created venues for events, workout zones, playgrounds have been built and table tennis tables have been installed. Next to the Garden Ring is the Maiden Field Square, which contains monuments to the great Russian writer L.N. Tolstoy, the famous children's doctor N.F. Filatov and military commissar M.V. Frunze. This once again proves the whole multifaceted area of Khamovniki.
Small in area, but beloved by local, the park of Novodevichy Ponds is located next to the monastery of the same name. The park has two ponds with a total area of 3.5 hectares, where fishermen like to spend time. There are many benches installed and a pleasant atmosphere of pacification winds.
Gogolevsky Boulevard is located in Khamovniki and it is considered the beginning of the Boulevard Ring. Here you can find a unique Botanical Garden named after P.I. Travnikov, on the territory of which 13 species of red-book plants grow. But its uniqueness in a different way - the garden was created by one of the local residents and named after him, and since 2015 it has the status of a specially protected natural area of regional significance.
The former estate of the princes Trubetskoy today is one of the oldest children's parks in the city. There are playgrounds, a mini-zoo, a pond, an ice rink for young residents and a house for children's creativity.
Small squares continue to be ennobled and equipped - trees are planted, playgrounds for children are being built, benches are installed and dog walking areas are created.
Thanks to Luzhniki, a whole sports quarter was formed on the territory of Khamovniki. For the World Cup, more than 40 objects were reconstructed here, and today the Ice Palace, the Palace of Water Sports, the Gymnastics Palace, the tallest rock climber in Moscow, a football pitch and an ice rink are operating. The stadium hosted the opening and closing matches of the WC-2018. Do not forget about pensioners - for them there are circles on Scandinavian walking.
On the embankments around Luzhniki, running and cycling paths were created, as well as workout zones. In the yards of the area there are more and more sports grounds for sports activities in the fresh air too. Near the subway the Park of Culture the skatepark is also open.
In Khamovniki there are surprisingly many swimming pools that were opened in the middle of the last century, and a rather large number of commercial fitness clubs. Even squash training or fencing sections can be found here.
A.S. Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts
The museum contains exhibits telling the foreign story of art from ancient times to the present day. Today it has educational and excursion activities, a club of art historians for children and adolescents.
Address: 12 Volkhonka Street
I.S. Turgenev's house-museum
In 1840 the writer's mother lodged in the house. Turgenev in this house wrote many works, this house also described in "Mumu". In spite of the fact that in Soviet period there were communal flats here, the empire charming mansion has survived. To the 200 anniversaries since the birth of the writer the decision to make the memorial museum which tells about life of the writer and stores his personal belongings, photos, manuscripts was made.
Address: Ostozhenka Street, 37
L.N. Tolstoy's memorial estate in Khamovniki
The writer lived in this estate with the family nearly 20 years and wrote more than 100 works. Today the exposition of the museum contains more than 6000 personal belongings of Tolstoy and members of his family.
Address: Leo Tolstoy Street, 21
The monastery was built in the first half of the 16th century; it managed to miraculously survive the fire of 1812. The monastery cemetery - a real museum of history and sculpture deserves special attention - a place, where many famous personalities found their last refuge.
Address: Novodevichy passage, 1
Not far from the monastery hides a magnificent architectural structure of the mid-19th century. Once the hut was only an outbuilding of the estate where the literary salon was organized. The estate was destroyed during the war, but the outbuilding was preserved.
Address: Pogodinskaya street, 12a
Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker in Khamovniki
The temple was erected in the second half of the 17th century on the territory of Khamovna Sloboda with the money of weavers, and it is considered a real symbol of the district. Since then, its appearance has hardly changed. Attention is attracted by the tent bell tower and the preserved bell of 1685.
Address: Leo Tolstoy Street, 2
Walk of Fame
On the territory of Luzhniki you may find the Walk of Fame of Sports. This is both a pleasant walking area and an open-air museum. Here you can find a monument to the Olympic bear and legendary soccer players. In the 90s of the last century, a Monument to those who died at the world stadiums was unveiled, dedicated to the ten-year anniversary of the tragedy in Luzhniki that happened during the match.
Address: Luzhniki Sports Complex
Ruslan Zakiryanov, head of secondary real estate and long-term rental of Avito Real Estate:
Khamovniki district is part of the Central District of Moscow and is considered one of the most prestigious districts of the capital. Located on the banks of the Moscow River, it organically fits into the surrounding natural landscape, preserving in modern appearance the identity of the architecture of past centuries.
Khamovniki are distinguished by good transport accessibility. There are five metro stations in the district. A significant part of the district is located between Third transport ring and the Garden Ring, which are connected by Bolshaya Pirogovskaya Street, Frunzenskaya Embankment and Komsomolsky Prospekt, which makes it one of the most convenient in terms of moving around the city and beyond.
In Khamovniki, the social infrastructure is well developed: in the district there are many kindergartens and schools, gymnasiums and lycées, there are famous and prestigious universities in the capital, residents have the opportunity to visit state medical institutions. In addition, Khamovniki gained a reputation as one of the most favorable central regions of Moscow in terms of ecology.
Alexander Kozlov, Commercial Director of Concer RUSICH:
Potential buyers appreciate Khamovniki for its transport accessibility and proximity to the center, as well as beautiful park areas. There are theaters, galleries, museums and other popular city places.
The social infrastructure of the district is quite developed - there are public and private educational institutions, universities with good ratings and clinics of various profiles.
Among the cons, you can distinguish a high level of noise in houses adjacent to the Third transport ring and Komsomolsky Prospekt, and large passenger traffic during the events in "Luzhniki"
Victor, 65 years old, tile maker
I moved to this area to my wife's apartment in 1982, and she lived here all her life. We live very near the Novodevichy monastery - Bolshaya Pirogovskaya, 53.
I like the neighborhood. Transport accessibility is very good, the metro can even be reached in a slow step in 10 minutes. Now there are new land routes, but I don't really use them. We have a lot of grocery stores, there is a market. Our clinic is now closed, but we were not abandoned here and now we are attached to another one, so there are no problems with this either - you can easily get to the doctor and call an ambulance.
In my opinion, there are not enough business stores in the area.
Moreover, I am simultaneously interested and alarmed by the fate of the neighboring house. The complex of buildings was built in the 30s of the last century as a hostel, and today it is an excellent monument of constructivism. But the dilapidated structure has been empty for a long time - walking nearby is simply unsafe.
Anastasia, 44 years old, IT specialist
I've lived in this neighborhood all my life and I love it. We have beautiful streets and courtyards, good shops, cafes and restaurants, schools, museums, temples, exhibitions, Novodevichy Monastery is my beloved place since childhood! Inside the Garden Ring transport accessibility is excellent, only here you have to walk 20-30 minutes to the clinic.
I do not like the "improvement" - our historical streets are trying to unify and fit a single city template. And there are few children's and teenage clubs.
Tatyana, 63 years old, retired, adviser to the Council
I have lived in Khamovniki since 1971 and am a fan of this area. I like our cozy and landscaped courtyards, small houses - not the new skyscrapers in New Moscow. Our house is located near the Sportivnaya metro station, so transport accessibility is wonderful, schools and kindergartens are also enough. There are clinics, but on foot it will be difficult for an elderly person to reach them - such a "walk" will take an hour.
I am outraged by the attitude towards historical values. Now the restoration of the Novodevichy monastery is taking place and everything was dug up. And they are constantly trying to move us to other houses and areas.
It seems to me that there are not enough places for teenagers in the area where they could just chat and spend leisure time. In the summer, people walk in the yards, children laugh and ride scooters, and the older generation always keeps kicking them out, and they have nowhere to go!
The developer of the residential quarter "New Kotelniki" reports on the start of sales of apartments in the 9th and 10th buildings. The cost of apartments starts from 4.1 million rubles.